This domain, which falls under the cluster of the minority arises out of the lack of responsiveness of cities to the needs of the blind, handicapped and elderly city dwellers.
It is important to reflect on the reality that half of all persons with disabilities and older persons around the world now live in towns and cities. Unfortunately their existence has been marginalised to the extent of being invisible in the urban landscape. In the South African context, this high level of exclusivity is visible in the absence of appropriate supportive urban infrastructure.
These sentiments are echoed in the White Paper on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (2015) which observes that there is poor service infrastructure for people with disabilities in underdeveloped areas.