The importance of addressing urban mobility problems is increasingly being emphasized in the Fourth Industrial Era. This shift towards creating smart inclusive cities represents a major milestone towards improving policies and urban mobility processes in both developed and developing cities. Good modal interchanges are central to creating a better transport network aimed at improving the transportation system and planning of a country.  An efficient transport system should be easy and affordable to use, accessible to all, and comprehensive in the destinations it serves. To achieve this, a well-planned and integrated transport infrastructure and services are needed and should be provided to facilitate and enhance smart mobility. Good interchanges can greatly influence the travel choices people make and will facilitate easier access to networks. It can therefore be asserted that an integrated transport system is pivotal to not just the community alone but the people as well. Without planning and investment in better interchanges, the absence of affordable, efficient, and easy to use alternatives will mean those with access to a private car continue to rely on them while those without it will continue to be doubly disadvantaged by the negative social and environmental impacts of over-reliance on private cars.  Innovative research on the integration of traditional statistical data with emerging new forms of data collection and processing such as big data; web 2.0; internet of things and geospatial information offers unprecedented opportunities to make a major leap in the capacities of cities to efficiently plan for urban mobility. Based on the above, there is a clear and pressing need for better integration of our transport systems if our networks are to become more efficient and easier to access. There is a need to move beyond a small number of showcase examples and develop many more interchange transport systems.

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